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Indians on the MoveNative American Mobility and Urbanization in the Twentieth Century$
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Douglas K. Miller

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781469651385

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651385.001.0001

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Painting a New Landscape: Native American Mobility in the Twentieth Century

(p.1) Introduction
Indians on the Move

Douglas K. Miller

University of North Carolina Press

Beginning with the socially, economically, and physically confining late-nineteenth-century reservation system, and throughout the twentieth century, Native American peoples practiced mobility and experienced urbanity on their own terms and with their own futures and survival strategies in mind. They did so in pursuit of new social, education, and work opportunities. This is a story that greatly transcends the history of the Bureau of Indian Affairs’ 1950s-60s urban relocation program, which scholars have long cited as the reason why roughly 75 per cent of all Native American people live in urban areas today. More Native people urbanized outside of the program, to more places, and for more reasons than historians have previously emphasized.

Keywords:   Native America, relocation, urbanization, work, swurvival, survivance, settler colonialism, indigeneity

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