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Indians on the MoveNative American Mobility and Urbanization in the Twentieth Century$
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Douglas K. Miller

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781469651385

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651385.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 04 August 2021

Relocation Has Degraded Indian People

Relocation Has Degraded Indian People

Urbanization’s Catastrophic Potential

(p.131) 5 Relocation Has Degraded Indian People
Indians on the Move

Douglas K. Miller

University of North Carolina Press

While thousands of Native American people actively sought opportunities to improve their and their families’ lives through urban relocation, many could not have anticipated the failures of an underfunded federal program and urban opportunities foreclosed by racism, discrimination, paternalism, poverty, and a dramatically shifting national economy that saw the best jobs and housing relocate from cities to suburbs and the Sunbelt. For many involved, relocation became yet another failed promise on the part of the federal government.

Keywords:   Native America, relocation, urbanization, Bureau of Indian Affairs, racism, employment, housing

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