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Indians on the MoveNative American Mobility and Urbanization in the Twentieth Century$
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Douglas K. Miller

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781469651385

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651385.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 27 July 2021

Conclusion

Conclusion

A Place Made of Sorrow?

Chapter:
(p.187) Conclusion
Source:
Indians on the Move
Author(s):

Douglas K. Miller

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651385.003.0008

Narratives of declension and suffering have dominated histories and even popular memories of the Indian urban relocation experience. While negative consequences certainly overwhelmed many people’s experiences, and while the federal government was certainly derelict in its duty and dishonest in its promise, many Native American urban migrants achieved lives marked by dynamism, resiliency, audibility, visibility, and improved living standards. To obscure these important outcomes might be to unwittingly perpetuate another problematic story of Indians being swindled by settler powers. Native urban migrants incorporated urbanity into their futures. They chose to expand their worlds and spheres of influence, and not embalm them. Ultimately, we can see Indian urbanization as an empowering story.

Keywords:   Native America, Indian Country, relocation, migration, urbanization, twentieth century, survival, survivance, settler colonialism

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