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Indians on the Move – Native American Mobility and Urbanization in the Twentieth Century - North Carolina Scholarship Online
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Indians on the Move: Native American Mobility and Urbanization in the Twentieth Century

Douglas K. Miller


In 1972, the Bureau of Indian Affairs terminated its twenty-year-old Voluntary Relocation Program, which encouraged the mass migration of roughly 100,000 Native American people from rural to urban areas. At the time the program ended, many groups--from government leaders to Red Power activists--had already classified it as a failure, and scholars have subsequently positioned the program as evidence of America’s enduring settler-colonial project. But Douglas K. Miller here argues that a richer story should be told--one that recognizes Indigenous mobility in terms of its benefits and not merely ... More

Keywords: Native America, relocation, urbanization, mobility, work, twentieth century

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9781469651385
Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2020 DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651385.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Douglas K. Miller, author
Oklahoma State University