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All Things Harmless, Useful, and OrnamentalEnvironmental Transformation through Species Acclimatization, from Colonial Australia to the World$
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Pete Minard

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781469651613

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651613.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

Regulating and Understanding Victorian Fisheries

Regulating and Understanding Victorian Fisheries

(p.57) Chapter Four Regulating and Understanding Victorian Fisheries
All Things Harmless, Useful, and Ornamental

Pete Minard

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter investigates local fisheries and fish species in Victoria. The ASV’s fisheries regulation policies and fisheries management program are outlined to create an understanding of the commercial potential of Australian fisheries and the protection of fishes. The analysis of fishery management illustrates the actions of local fishermen and the damages done to them during and after the gold rush. The investigation of commercial fishery provides insight on the Murray Darling river system, the labouring of the Yorta Yorta people, and Chinese merchants and fishermen. Local fishermen argued that their Chinese competitors used nets with a very fine mesh, destroying immature fish that they thought unfit for market. This practice would bring Chinese fishermen into conflict with the ASV and the colonial government’s fish protection policies as they developed in the mid-1860s. Also discussed are the controversies over taxonomic relationships among fish species and how declining fish stocks initiated protective regulation. Overall, the chapter illustrates how the ASV attempted to restore and improve Victorian fisheries.

Keywords:   fisheries regulation, Victoria, fisheries management, commercial potential, fishermen, gold rush, Murray-Darling river system, Yorta Yorta, Chinese merchants, controversies

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