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Virginia 1619Slavery and Freedom in the Making of English America$
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Paul Musselwhite, Peter C. Mancall, and James Horn

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781469651798

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651798.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

Race, Conflict, and Exclusion in Ulster, Ireland, and Virginia

Race, Conflict, and Exclusion in Ulster, Ireland, and Virginia

Chapter:
(p.60) Race, Conflict, and Exclusion in Ulster, Ireland, and Virginia
Source:
Virginia 1619
Author(s):
Nicholas Canny
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651798.003.0004

This chapter compares interaction between settlers and natives in the plantation projects in Virginia and in Ulster during the early decades of the seventeenth century. It shows that, notwithstanding the condescending attitude of English people toward people who were at a cultural distance from themselves, those who advocated the interests of each enterprise purported to be concerned primarily with the moral uplift of the respective native populations and outlined quite similar strategies on how this might be achieved. From there the chapter proceeds to show that when their proposed reform measures failed to deliver the desired results, or even provoked resistance, the would-be reformers rationalized their abandonment by invoking arguments that alluded to race, conflict, and the exclusion of natives from the civil polity. While the paper devotes much attention to English presumptions and native responses, it alludes also to major differences between the two enterprises and the two “native” populations. In doing so it points to the ultimate acknowledgement by the colonists in both instances that a total separation of natives from settlers was neither practical nor desirable even when they agreed that neither group of “natives” could be considered equal with themselves.

Keywords:   Ulster, Ireland, Virginia, Civility, Culture, Native, Settler society, Reform, Plantation

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