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Virginia 1619Slavery and Freedom in the Making of English America$
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Paul Musselwhite, Peter C. Mancall, and James Horn

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781469651798

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651798.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

From John Smith to Adam Smith

From John Smith to Adam Smith

Virginia and the Founding Conventions of English Long-Distance Settler Colonization

(p.282) From John Smith to Adam Smith
Virginia 1619

Jack P. Greene

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter explores the long-term legacies of 1619 for the construction of an English settler colonial model. While contemporary Irish plantation projects gave the English colonizing movement considerable experience with settler colonization in densely populated and recognizably European areas, that experience by no means prepared that movement for planting in far-off lands inhabited by unfamiliar people with exotic cultures. As England’s first sustained experience with settler colonization at a distance, the Virginia colony played a foundational role in identifying, confronting, and working out solutions to the many problems that colonizers throughout the Anglo-American world would face as they created in the Americas the powerful and highly successful settler empire that many observers, including Adam Smith in the Wealth of Nations (1776), would celebrate during the last half of the eighteenth century. This essay treats the Virginia colony as a learning laboratory and offer a systematic survey of the problems the colony confronted and how its solutions would inform and influence later English settler colonizing projects.

Keywords:   Adam Smith, Settler colonialism, Plantations, Virginia, Colonization, Representative government, Landownership, Bound labor, English America

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