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These People Have Always Been a RepublicIndigenous Electorates in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands, 1598-1912$
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Maurice S. Crandall

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781469652665

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469652665.001.0001

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Repúblicas de Indios in Spanish New Mexico

Repúblicas de Indios in Spanish New Mexico

(p.13) Chapter One Repúblicas de Indios in Spanish New Mexico
These People Have Always Been a Republic

Maurice Crandall

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter traces the development of Repúblicas de Indios (Indian Republics) among the Pueblo Indians of Spanish New Mexico. It demonstrates how the Pueblos implemented Spanish directives mandating annual elections of officers, such as governors and lieutenant governors, to form an Indian town council, or ayuntamiento/cabildo. The Pueblos ultimately transformed those elections to bring them more in conformity with traditional Pueblo leadership selection practices. This chapter interrogates the importance of Pueblo officers, the governor system, and the annual elections that put them in office. These elected Pueblo officers represented their communities in dealings with the Spanish church and state. While there were abuses of office, Pueblo governors and other leaders overwhelmingly worked for the survival of their people and to retain their sacred homelands.

Keywords:   New Mexico Pueblo Indians, Indian Republics, Pueblo Elections, Governor System, Ayuntamiento/Cabildo, Annual Elections

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