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UnwantedItalian and Jewish Mobilization against Restrictive Immigration Laws, 1882-1965$
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Maddalena Marinari

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781469652931

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469652931.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 07 July 2022

Introduction

Introduction

Chapter:
(p.1) Introduction
Source:
Unwanted
Author(s):

Maddalena Marinari

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469652931.003.0001

The introduction looks at the broader efforts of many Americans, animated by nativism and xenophobia, to cast so called “new immigrants” from Asia and Europe as undesirable. At the end of the nineteenth century, immigration laws emerged as a tool of social engineering and nation building. At first, legislators passed immigration laws that focused heavily on qualitative restriction to determine who could enter the country. Later they moved on to quantitative restriction, imposing numbers on how many immigrants could arrive. The only issues on which restrictionist legislators and Italian and Jewish anti-restrictionists could find common ground when it came to immigration reform were family reunification and skill-based immigration, which opened up opportunities for some immigrants but heavily penalized others thus contributing to create the uneven and unfair immigration system still in existence today.

Keywords:   New immigrants, Immigration restriction, Family reunification, Skill-based immigration, Immigration reform, Nativism, Qualitative restriction, Quantitative restriction, Social engineering, Nation building

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