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Reproduction on the ReservationPregnancy, Childbirth, and Colonialism in the Long Twentieth Century$
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Brianna Theobald

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781469653167

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469653167.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

To Instill the Hospital Habit

To Instill the Hospital Habit

(p.44) Chapter Two To Instill the Hospital Habit
Reproduction on the Reservation

Brianna Theobald

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter explores the Save the Babies campaign, a pronatal campaign spearheaded by the Office of Indian Affairs during the Progressive Era to combat Indian infant mortality. The chapter addresses each of the campaign’s three basic components—home visits conducted by field matrons; annual baby shows, where medical staff evaluated infants; and the promotion of hospital childbirth—while dedicating particular attention to the latter. The chapter further considers the choices Native women made regarding where and with whom they delivered and finds that a minority of women accepted hospital childbirth almost immediately. As maternity patients, Native women disrupted the OIA’s vision of how a hospital should look, sound, and function.

Keywords:   Pronatalism, Progressive Era, Infant mortality, Hospital childbirth, Field matrons

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