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Reproduction on the ReservationPregnancy, Childbirth, and Colonialism in the Long Twentieth Century$
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Brianna Theobald

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781469653167

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469653167.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Relocating Reproduction

Relocating Reproduction

Chapter:
(p.99) Chapter Four Relocating Reproduction
Source:
Reproduction on the Reservation
Author(s):

Brianna Theobald

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469653167.003.0005

This chapter considers the experiences of the thousands of Native women of childbearing age who migrated from reservations to cities in the decades following World War II. The federal government’s relocation program promoted the urban migration of Native individuals and families and provided basic assistance to facilitate the process. The chapter argues that the Bureau of Indian Affairs’s desired outcome of relocating women alongside men, as well as women’s own agency in pursuing relocation, forced the BIA to make adjustments to relocation policy to accommodate women’s reproductive needs. In cities, Native women navigated the bureaucracy of health insurance but often found that long-term coverage was out of reach. Native women relied on their own ingenuity and the support of familial and social networks both on and off reservations in their attempt to obtain adequate prenatal, obstetric, and postnatal care, as well as in negotiating urban motherhood.

Keywords:   Urban, Relocation, Childbearing, Motherhood, Health insurance

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