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The Women's FightThe Civil War's Battles for Home, Freedom, and Nation$
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Thavolia Glymph

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781469653631

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2022

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469653631.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 03 July 2022

Poor White Women in the Confederacy

Poor White Women in the Confederacy

“Enemies to Their Country”

(p.55) Chapter Two Poor White Women in the Confederacy
The Women's Fight

Thavolia Glymph

University of North Carolina Press

Poor white women and children hawking goods and traveling the roads in carts was not a new sight during the Civil War, but it did take on a different resonance in this context. How poor white women fit or were to be incorporated into a war for slavery garnered more concern from slaveholders, government, and military officials as the war progressed. Their increased visibility as dissenters from the Confederate project caused problems; they got into conflicts with other white, female refugees, engaged in outright resistance, and sided with poor and working-class white men who did not want to fight for or deserted the Confederacy. Calls for white southerners to unite across class lines began to fall apart as the war went on partly because of the disproportionate demands placed on poor and working-class women became untenable for many. The worlds of poor white women and slaveholding female refugees also began to overlap, emphasizing the dissimilarity of these women’s experiences. The politics of poor and nonslaveholding white Southern women was grounded in the particularities of their political economy and social worlds.

Keywords:   Poor, Working-class, White Women, Nonslaveholding, Confederacy, Deserters, Resistance, Class, Political Economy, Social World

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