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From Here to Equality – Reparations for Black Americans in the Twenty-First Century - North Carolina Scholarship Online
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From Here to Equality: Reparations for Black Americans in the Twenty-First Century

William A. Jr. Darity and A. Kirsten Mullen


Racism and discrimination have choked economic opportunity for African Americans at nearly every turn. At several historic moments, the trajectory of racial inequality could have been altered dramatically. Perhaps no moment was more opportune than the early days of Reconstruction, when the U.S. government temporarily implemented a major redistribution of land from former slaveholders to the newly emancipated enslaved. But neither Reconstruction nor the New Deal nor the civil rights struggle led to an economically just and fair nation. Today, systematic inequality persists in the form of housin ... More

Keywords: Racism, Discrimination, Inequality, Reconstruction, African Americans, Systemic, Reparations, Economics, Slavery, White Supremacy

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9781469654973
Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2022 DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469654973.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

William A. Jr. Darity, author
Duke University

A. Kirsten Mullen, author