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Where Caciques and Mapmakers MetBorder Making in Eighteenth-Century South America$
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Jeffrey Alan Jr. Erbig

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781469655048

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655048.001.0001

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Simultaneous Sovereignties

Simultaneous Sovereignties

(p.107) Chapter Four Simultaneous Sovereignties
Where Caciques and Mapmakers Met

Jeffrey Alan Erbig Jr.

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter demonstrates how the mapping of a Luso-Hispanic border in the Río de la Plata transformed territorial practices. Following the boundary commissions, colonial officials sought to populate the border with migrants from the Azores and Canary Islands or from the Guarani missions. They promoted sedentism, private property rights, and well-regulated commercial practices, which dovetailed with broader Bourbon and Pombaline Reforms. Spanish officials undertook extermination campaigns against tolderías, while Portuguese officials made frequent pacts with Charrúa and Minuán caciques. Tolderías’ experiences of these efforts derived from their territorial positioning. Those furthest from the border found themselves bereft of the economic and political benefits of competing imperial foes, while those closest to the border were able to take advantage of imperial border-making initiatives.

Keywords:   boundary commissions, Azores, Canary Islands, Bourbon reforms, Pombaline reforms, extermination campaigns, pact making, caciques, tolderías, border making

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