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Beneath the Backbone of the WorldBlackfoot People and the North American Borderlands, 1720-1877$
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Ryan Hall

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781469655154

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655154.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

Epilogue

Epilogue

Blackfoot Crossing

Chapter:
(p.172) Epilogue
Source:
Beneath the Backbone of the World
Author(s):

Ryan Hall

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655154.003.0008

The epilogue examines the aftermath of the 1870 Marias Massacre and smallpox epidemic. North of the border, the American whiskey trade on what was known as the “Whoop-Up Trail” wreaked havoc on Blackfoot communities prior to the arrival of the North West Mounted Police in 1874. As competition over bison herds and pressure on natural resources increased, Crowfoot and other Blackfoot chiefs entered treaty negotiations with Canadian officials. These negotiations—which many Blackfoot people have since disputed on the grounds of faulty communication and translation—culminated in Treaty Seven in 1877, which dispossessed the Blackfoot of much of their land and formalized the colonial relationship that defines Blackfoot country today.

Keywords:   Treaty Seven, Crowfoot, North West Mounted Police, Whiskey trade, Whoop-Up Trail

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