The epilogue examines the aftermath of the 1870 Marias Massacre and smallpox epidemic. North of the border, the American whiskey trade on what was known as the “Whoop-Up Trail” wreaked havoc on Blackfoot communities prior to the arrival of the North West Mounted Police in 1874. As competition over bison herds and pressure on natural resources increased, Crowfoot and other Blackfoot chiefs entered treaty negotiations with Canadian officials. These negotiations—which many Blackfoot people have since disputed on the grounds of faulty communication and translation—culminated in Treaty Seven in 1877, which dispossessed the Blackfoot of much of their land and formalized the colonial relationship that defines Blackfoot country today.
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