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Latin America and the Global Cold War$
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Thomas C. Field Jr., Stella Krepp, and Vanni Pettiná

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781469655697

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655697.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

Brazil and India

Brazil and India

A Brave New World, 1948–1961

Chapter:
(p.17) 1 Brazil and India
Source:
Latin America and the Global Cold War
Author(s):

Miguel Serra Coelho

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655697.003.0002

This chapter analyses Brazil’s progressive opening to the Third World during the presidencies of Getúlio Vargas (1951-54) and Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira (1956-60). Throughout the 1950s, Brazil revealed a growing interest in establish and/or strengthen diplomatic and political relations with the newly independent nations of Asia and Africa. This rapprochement aimed to improve Rio de Janeiro’s leverage with the United States (in order to obtain financial aid); to consolidate Brazil’s alleged ‘regional leadership’ within Latin America; and to increase trade relations. Although committed in a political and diplomatic allegiance with Washington (and a tacit supporter of European colonialism, particularly of the French and the Portuguese one), this ‘diplomatic opening’ to the Third World marked the first attempt of starting a more autonomous and nationalist foreign policy

Keywords:   Brazil, India, Cold War, Non-Aligned Movement, Third World

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