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Latin America and the Global Cold War$
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Thomas C. Field Jr., Stella Krepp, and Vanni Pettiná

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781469655697

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655697.001.0001

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Bolivia between Washington, Prague, and Havana

Bolivia between Washington, Prague, and Havana

The Limits of Nationalism, 1960–1964

(p.44) 2 Bolivia between Washington, Prague, and Havana
Latin America and the Global Cold War

Thomas C. Field

University of North Carolina Press

Challenging the bipolar lens that dominated the framings of traditional Cold War studies, this chapter analyses the polarizing effects of the Cuban revolution on Bolivia’s nonaligned national revolution. Participation in Washington’s anticommunist Alliance for Progress pulled the rug out from Paz’s bold strategy of fence-riding, however, and his eager participation in President John F. Kennedy’s well-funded Alliance for Progress aid program led his government to bitterly break relations with Cuba in September 1964. Paz’s sudden abandonment of Third Worldism mobilized many local leftists and nationalist military officers, who pointed to his volte face as proof that the Bolivian revolution had been hallowed out by the many political and economic conditions that accompanied massive U.S. aid funding.

Keywords:   Bolivia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Cold War, Third World

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