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Latin America and the Global Cold War$
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Thomas C. Field Jr., Stella Krepp, and Vanni Pettiná

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781469655697

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655697.001.0001

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Brazil and Non-Alignment

Brazil and Non-Alignment

Latin America’s Role in the Global Order, 1961–1964

Chapter:
(p.100) 4 Brazil and Non-Alignment
Source:
Latin America and the Global Cold War
Author(s):

Stella Krepp

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655697.003.0005

Until the mid-1960s, Brazil played a leading role in inter-American affairs and the same holds true for its engagement with the non-aligned movement. This chapter attempts to shed light on the Brazilian role at the two non-aligned conferences in Belgrade 1961 and Cairo 1964. While only three years apart, the two conferences highlight two very distinctive experiences for Brazil and Latin America as a whole. In 1961, Brazilian politics teemed with reformist aspirations and expectations and this translated into a new attitude towards the emerging third world. Under the Quadros and later the Goulart government, Brazil followed an “independent foreign policy” and strengthened ties with both the socialist and decolonized countries, and participating in the non-aligned movement formed part of this new nexus of relationships. By 1964, however, this trend had been reversed, as a military coup in Brazil ushered in a new era in domestic and foreign policies.

Keywords:   Brazil, Non-Aligned Movement, Cold War, Latin America, Third World

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