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Latin America and the Global Cold War$
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Thomas C. Field Jr., Stella Krepp, and Vanni Pettiná

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781469655697

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655697.001.0001

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Anti-Imperialist Racial Solidarity before the Cold War

Anti-Imperialist Racial Solidarity before the Cold War

Success and Failure

(p.201) 8 Anti-Imperialist Racial Solidarity before the Cold War
Latin America and the Global Cold War

Alan Mcpherson

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter analyses Latin American nations’ efforts to create inter-American solidarity against U.S. military occupations in Nicaragua, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic from the 1910s to the 1930s. In their diplomacy, anti-occupation activists from these three nations were joined primarily by Cubans, Mexicans, and Uruguayans. It traces transnational outreach to three constituencies, in ascending order of success—the League of Nations, other Latin American governments, and Latin Americans in the United States. The question it asks is: What factors brought success or failure in these transnational anti-imperialist efforts in the early 20th century? Among the factors for success were cultural affinity among Latin Americans, direct diplomacy, fear of occupation, and racial solidarity. Among the factors contributing to failure were U.S. hegemony, poverty, and racial division. This chapter explains why anti-imperialism could be effective yet remained limited, and it allows comparison and contrast to Cold War-era solidarity.

Keywords:   Caribbean, Nicaragua, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Anti-Colonialism

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