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Latin America and the Global Cold War$
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Thomas C. Field Jr., Stella Krepp, and Vanni Pettiná

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781469655697

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655697.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

Third Worldism and the Panama Canal

Third Worldism and the Panama Canal

Liberating the Isthmus, 1971–1978

(p.343) 13 Third Worldism and the Panama Canal
Latin America and the Global Cold War

Miriam Elizabeth Villanueva

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter investigates how, between 1970 and 1977, Panama’s military regime participated in the second generation of the historical movement, Third Worldism. To insert itself into the movement, Panama emphasized that, without access to the Panama Canal, the isthmus would remain undeveloped and subservient to Washington. Third Worldism attracted a large worldwide audience. To examine Panama’s use of the movement, this chapter first analyzes the regime’s reliance on Third-World commonalities to foster international solidarity for new treaties. Secondly, the study shows how the general encouraged the blending of Third Worldism at the local level in propaganda films and theatrical productions. Lastly, the chapter evaluates the 1977 plebiscite for Panamanians to vote for the treaties as a method to legitimize the regime’s existence to isthmians and the global community.

Keywords:   Panama, Third World, Anti-Colonialism, Cold War, Latin America, Dictatorship

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