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Early American RebelsPursuing Democracy from Maryland to Carolina, 1640-1700$
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Noeleen McIlvenna

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781469656069

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469656069.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

Papists in Trouble, 1681–1688

Papists in Trouble, 1681–1688

(p.97) Chapter Five Papists in Trouble, 1681–1688
Early American Rebels

Noeleen McIlvenna

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter describes developments in England and the colonies, as the Stuart kings passed Navigation Acts and built the infrastructure for Atlantic trade in people and commodities that would help them remain independent of Parliament. The opposition to them in Maryland took the form of anti-popery, for the Stuarts were Catholic-friendly. In Virginia, in the plant-cutting of 1682, desperate small farmers tried to systematically destroy tobacco crops to stop the glut that drove down prices and their income. Meanwhile the big planters enslaved more Africans and developed a philosophy of white supremacy to justify racial hierarchy. The rich grew richer.

Keywords:   anti-popery, Stuarts, plant-cutting, tobacco, Navigation Acts, white supremacy, slavery

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