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Early American RebelsPursuing Democracy from Maryland to Carolina, 1640-1700$
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Noeleen McIlvenna

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781469656069

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469656069.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

Religion Is but Policy, 1689–1699

Religion Is but Policy, 1689–1699

Chapter:
(p.114) Chapter Six Religion Is but Policy, 1689–1699
Source:
Early American Rebels
Author(s):

Noeleen McIlvenna

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469656069.003.0007

This chapter describes the overthrow of the Calverts in the 1690s by John Coode and the Protestant Association of Maryland. As word of the arrival of William of Orange spread across the Atlantic, one member of the radical network began an uprising in Virginia, known as Parson Waugh’s Tumult. Then in Maryland, the sons-in-law of Thomas Gerard organized and successfully created a democratic government, and the new King supported them. There would still be challenges. A governor tried to quell Coode’s influence, as Coode tried to teach others about Cicero and commonwealths. But the real killer of egalitarian thought was slavery. The switch to an enslaved labor force throughout the Chesapeake over the 1690s substituted race for class in the social hierarchy of the region.

Keywords:   Glorious Revolution, Coode, Protestant Association, Parson Waugh’s Tumult, Cicero, Slavery, Thomas Gerard, Maryland, Calverts, Chesapeake

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