Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Free the LandThe Republic of New Afrika and the Pursuit of a Black Nation-State$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Edward Onaci

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781469656144

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469656144.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Birth of the New Afrikan Independence Movement

Birth of the New Afrikan Independence Movement

A Historical Overview

Chapter:
(p.15) 1 Birth of the New Afrikan Independence Movement
Source:
Free the Land
Author(s):

Edward Onaci

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469656144.003.0002

Chapter 1 provides a historical overview of the NAIM from its inception into the 1980s. It explains how two brothers from South Philadelphia helped organize a Black Government Convention in 1968. Tracing the birth and early development of the NAIM clarifies how political geography, historical context, and personal circumstance helped shape activism. After relocating to the Detroit metropolitan area in the 1950s, brothers Milton and Richard Henry became community activists and political leaders. Working through the Group on Advanced Leadership and the Freedom Now Party, political struggle taught them the limits of seeking full entry into a nation that circumscribed their political power. At the same time, the Henry brothers witnessed decolonization in Africa, especially Ghana, which challenged them to reconsider the meaning of black liberation. Under the tutelage of people like Malcolm X and “Queen Mother” Audley Moore, they shifted their politics from reform and inclusion to revolution and self-determination. Changing their names to Gaidi and Imari Abubakari Obadele, they called for the 1968 convention. Convention participants declared black people’s right to independence from the United States of America, formed a provisional government with Robert F. Williams as the nominal president, and demanded reparations.

Keywords:   New Afrikan Independence Movement, Provisional Government, Republic of New Afrika, Black liberation, Robert F. Williams, Milton Henry/Gaidi Obadele, Richard Henry/Imari Abubakari Obadele, Malcolm X, Audley Moore, Black Government Convention 1968

North Carolina Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .